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A.L.A. Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States

United States Supreme Court
295 U.S. 495 (1935)


Facts

A.L.A. Schechter Poultry Corp. (defendant) operated a slaughterhouse in Brooklyn, New York. Schechter was charged with eighteen counts of violating the Live Poultry Code (LPC) regulations passed by Congress, and with one count of conspiracy to violate the Code. Schechter’s violations included issues relating to its employees’ hours and wages and the quality of its poultry products sold to local New York retailers. Schechter appealed its convictions in the New York Circuit Court of Appeals, alleging that Congress exceeded its power to regulate interstate commerce by passing regulations over Schechter’s in-state activities. Additionally, Schechter argued that the President engaged in impermissible lawmaking by having full discretion to approve or disapprove the LPC provisions. The circuit court sustained the convictions on sixteen counts but reversed the conspiracy charge and two convictions pertaining to Schechter’s improper labor standards. The circuit court ruled that such regulations were beyond Congress’s power to regulate and that the President engaged in impermissible lawmaking functions. Schechter appealed to the United States Supreme Court.

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Hughes, C.J.)

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Concurrence (Cardozo, J.)

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