Autocephalous Greek-Orthodox Church of Cyprus v. Goldberg and Feldman Fine Arts, Inc., and Peg Goldberg
United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
917 F.2d 278 (1990)
In 1974, the government of the Republic of Cyprus (Republic) (plaintiff) was replaced by the Greek Cypriot military. In response, Turkey invaded the northern part of Cyprus, thereby dividing the country in two. The town of Lythrankomi is located in northern Cyprus and is subject to Turkish power. Within Lythrankomi is Kanakaria Church, a Greek-Orthodox church notable for its possession of four holy Byzantine mosaics. When Turkey invaded Lythrankomi, the pastor and priests initially remained but were forced to leave two years later. In 1979, the Republic’s Department of Antiquities learned that the mosaics at Kanakaria church had been torn off and stolen. The Republic took great efforts to recover the mosaics. It contacted various international organizations, auction houses, museums, scholars, and collectors. Its strategy was to alert anyone who might be approached to purchase the mosaics. It eventually learned that the mosaics had been purchased by an Indiana art dealer named Peg Goldberg (defendant). Goldberg had purchased the mosaics from Michel van Rijn, a man who identified himself as a Turkish antiquities dealer. Van Rijn claimed to have found the mosaics in rubble and taken them out of the country with the permission of the Turkish Cypriot government. The parties finalized the sale and van Rijn provided Goldberg with forged appraisals and documents. After Goldberg acquired the mosaics, she sought to resell them to Dr. Marion True, a curator. Upon hearing of the mosaics, True contacted the Republic and disclosed their location to the Department of Antiquities. The Republic confirmed that it had been searching for the mosaics and requested that Goldberg return them. When Goldberg refused, the Republic brought suit to recover the mosaics. The trial court awarded possession to the Church of Cyprus.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Bauer, J.)
Concurrence (Cudahy, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 175,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.