United States Supreme Court
134 S. Ct. 2077 (2014)
Carol Bond (defendant), a microbiologist, learned that Myrlinda Haynes was pregnant with Carol’s husband’s child. In order to retaliate, Bond acquired an arsenic-based compound and potassium dichromate, chemicals that were capable of causing toxic harm and, potentially, death. During a period of about a year, Bond went to Haynes’s home at least 24 times and spread the chemicals on Haynes’s car, mailbox, and doorknob. Haynes was able to avoid contact with the substances, which were largely visible. Eventually, security footage caught Bond placing the chemicals on and around Haynes’s home. Bond was charged with possessing and using a chemical weapon in violation of part of the Chemical Weapons Implementation Act (the Act), 18 U.S.C. § 229, which prohibits the possession or use of any chemical that can cause death or temporary or permanent harm to another if not intended for a peaceful purpose. The Act implements the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), a multilateral treaty executed to completely prohibit the development and use of chemical weapons by all parties to the treaty. Bond moved to dismiss the charges, arguing that § 229 exceeded Congress’s constitutional power and interfered with the powers reserved to the states under the Tenth Amendment. The motion was denied, and Bond took a conditional guilty plea. On appeal, the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit held that Bond lacked standing to raise the Tenth Amendment claim. The United States Supreme Court reversed, and on remand, the court of appeals rejected Bond’s substantive attack on her conviction. The Supreme Court granted certiorari to determine the constitutionality of applying 229 to Bond’s case.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Roberts, C.J.)
Concurrence/Dissent (Scalia, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 220,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,100 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.