C&A Carbone, Inc. v. Town of Clarkstown, New York
United States Supreme Court
511 U.S. 383 (1994)
In 1989, the Town of Clarkstown, New York (plaintiff) entered into an agreement with the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. The agreement stated that Clarkstown would close its current landfill and hire a private contractor to build a new waste processing facility. To help pay for the cost of the new facility, Clarkstown enacted a “flow control ordinance” which required all solid waste to be processed at the new facility before leaving the municipality for a fee of $81 per ton of waste processed. The fee was paid to the contractor to offset the cost of building the facility. C&A Carbone (defendant) operated a competing waste-processing plant in Clarkstown. While the flow control ordinance allowed Carbone to continue operating, it required them to ship all non-recyclable waste to the Clarkstown facility and pay the $81 fee. In 1991, a tractor-trailer owned by Carbone crashed and police discovered it was illegally transporting solid waste to an Indiana landfill to avoid paying the fee at the Clarkstown plant. The town sought an injunction requiring Carbone to ship its waste to the town facility. In state court Carbone then challenged the flow control ordinance on the grounds that it violated the Commerce Clause. The court ruled in favor of Carbone and placed an injunction on enforcement of the ordinance. The Court of Appeals of New York reversed and ruled in favor of Clarkstown. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Kennedy, J.)
Concurrence (O’Connor, J.)
Dissent (Souter, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 170,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,800 briefs, keyed to 187 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.