City of Los Angeles v. Alameda Books
United States Supreme Court
535 U.S. 425 (2002)
The City of Los Angeles (defendant) enacted a zoning ordinance prohibiting the establishment of two or more adult book or video stores in the same building. The city cited a 1977 study that demonstrated a correlation between the placement of adult book and video stores and a higher incidence of violent crime and prostitution. Alameda Books (plaintiff) brought this suit, alleging that the zoning ordinance violated the First Amendment. The trial court granted Alameda Books’ motion for summary judgment. On appeal, the court of appeals determined that the study relied upon by the City of Los Angeles did not adequately prove that the establishment of two adult book or video stores in the same building would lead to increased crime in areas in which they are located. The City of Los Angeles petitioned for certiorari to the United States Supreme Court.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (O’Connor, J.)
Dissent (Souter, J.)
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