Thomas Collins (plaintiff) served as agent for several National Basketball Association (NBA) stars, including Kareem Abdul-Jabbar. Shortly after the National Basketball Players Association (NBPA) enacted regulations requiring the certification of agents, Collins became certified. Thereafter, Collins allowed his certification to lapse as a result of an ongoing lawsuit initiated by Abdul-Jabbar for several breaches of fiduciary duty on the part of Collins. After Collins settled the suit with Abdul-Jabbar he applied to the NBPA for re-certification. The NBPA Committee on Agent Representation, (the Committee) which included NBPA Executive Director Charles Grantham (defendant), undertook an extensive informal investigation into Collins’ dealings with Abdul-Jabbar, including examination of documents and meetings with Collins and Abdul-Jabbar. At the end of the investigation, the Committee decided not to re-certify Collins. Instead of appealing the decision before an arbitrator, Collins filed suit against the NBPA and Grantham alleged violations of antitrust laws. Specifically, Collins claims that the NBPA was guilty of a concerted boycott of his services as part of an effort by the NBPA to monopolize representation of professional basketball players. The NBPA filed a motion for summary dismissal of Collins’ suit.