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Corporation of Presiding Bishop of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints v. Amos

United States Supreme Court
483 U.S. 327 (1987)


Facts

Arthur Frank Mayson worked at a secular, nonprofit gymnasium run by the Mormon church (the Church) (defendant). After being fired for failing to become a certified member of the Church, Mayson, along with other individuals representing a class (plaintiffs), brought suit based on Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits discrimination in employment based on religion. Section 702 of the Act exempts religious organizations from this requirement. The district court held that applying the §702 exemption to a religious organization’s secular nonprofit activities would violate the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (White, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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Concurrence (Brennan, J.)

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Concurrence (O’Connor, J.)

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