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Crown, Cork & Seal Co. v. Parker
United States Supreme Court
462 U.S. 345, 103 S. Ct. 2392, 76 L. Ed. 628 (1983)
Theodore Parker (plaintiff), a Black man, was an employee at Crown, Cork & Seal Company, Inc. (Crown) (defendant). After Parker was fired from Crown, he filed a race-discrimination complaint with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). On November 9, 1978, the EEOC issued Parker a right-to-sue letter. Two months earlier, a class-action suit (Pendleton suit) had been filed, alleging that Crown discriminated against Black employees in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII). Parker was a member of the class in the Pendleton suit. On September 4, 1980, class certification was denied in the Pendleton suit. On October 27, 1980, within 90 days after the denial of class certification, Parker filed an individual action against Crown in federal court. Parker alleged that Crown racially discriminated against him in violation of Title VII. The district court found that Parker did not file his individual action in a timely manner. The court of appeals reversed. Crown appealed to the United States Supreme Court.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Blackmun, J.)
Concurrence (Powell, J.)
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