Logourl black

Cruzan v. New York Central & Hudson River Railroad Co.

Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts
116 N.E. 879 (1917)


Facts

A brakeman climbing down a ladder on the side of a freight train was hit and killed by an oncoming train. Cruzan (plaintiff) sued New York Central & Hudson River Railroad Co. (Railroad) (defendant) for the brakeman’s death under the Federal Employers Liability Act. The trial judge refused to enter a verdict in favor of the Railroad on the basis of insufficient evidence of negligence. The Railroad claimed exceptions.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Issue

The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Holding and Reasoning (Rugg, C.J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.