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EEOC v. Abercrombie & Fitch Stores, Inc.

United States Supreme Court
135 S. Ct. 2028 (2015)


Facts

Abercrombie & Fitch Stores, Inc. (defendant) had a dress policy for its employees, which prohibited employees from wearing “caps.” The policy did not define “caps.” Samantha Elauf was a Muslim who wore a headscarf for religious purposes. Elauf applied for a job at Abercrombie. Elauf was qualified for the job, but was not hired, because the district manager stated that her headscarf would violate Abercrombie’s dress policy. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) (plaintiff) brought suit on Elauf’s behalf against Abercrombie for violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Abercrombie argued that because Elauf never explicitly informed Abercrombie of her need for an accommodation, disparate treatment could not have occurred. The district court granted the EEOC summary judgement. The United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit reversed and granted Abercrombie summary judgment. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Scalia, J.)

Concurrence (Alito, J.)

Concurrence/Dissent (Thomas, J.)

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