Hartford Accident & Indemnity Co. v. Cardillo
United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
112 F.2d 11 (1940)
Ray Bridges (defendant) was employed by Sanitary Grocery Company (Sanitary) as a helper in Sanitary’s produce warehouse. One day, while Bridges was loading vegetables onto Sanitary’s truck, a checker supervising the work addressed Bridges as “Shorty.” Bridges and the checker did not have a personal relationship outside of work, but they regularly engaged in friendly workplace banter. Bridges did not like being called “Shorty,” and when the checker continued to call Bridges by that name, Bridges called the checker an inappropriate name in response. The checker responded by punching Bridges in the face. Bridges suffered injuries including a fractured jaw and a lacerated eyebrow, and he sought workers’-compensation benefits. Frank Cardillo (defendant), deputy commissioner of the United States Employees’ Compensation Commission, awarded benefits after finding that the injury arose out of and in the course of Bridges’s employment. Sanitary’s insurer, Hartford Accident & Indemnity Company (Hartford) (plaintiff), brought an action against Bridges and Cardillo in a Washington, DC federal district court seeking to enjoin enforcement of the benefits award. The district court dismissed the complaint, and Hartford appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Rutledge, J.)
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