During the Great Depression in 1933, Minnesota responded to a large number of home foreclosures in the state by passing the Minnesota Mortgage Moratorium Law. The law extended the amount of time for mortgagors to redeem their mortgages from foreclosure contrary to the terms previously agreed upon in the mortgage contract. The Blaisdells (plaintiffs) were a Minneapolis couple who defaulted on their mortgage. Their property was sold in a foreclosure sale to the Home Building & Loan Association (Association) (defendant), a mortgage company. Relying on the Minnesota law, the Blaisdells applied in state district court for an extension to their redemption period. The Association objected to the law on the grounds that it violated the Contracts Clause, Due Process Clause, and Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution. The court granted the Blaisdells an extension under the law but required them to pay $40 per month to the Association during the extension period. The Minnesota Supreme Court upheld the law as a valid exercise of state power, and the Association appealed to the United States Supreme Court.