In 1972, the North Carolina Board of Agriculture adopted a regulation that required all apples shipped into the state in closed containers to display either the words “USDA grade” on their containers or nothing at all. Washington State growers imposed higher standards than USDA grade for the quality of their apples and opposed the regulation. The Washington State Apple Advertising Commission (plaintiff) challenged the regulation promulgated by Governor Hunt (defendant) as an unreasonable burden to interstate commerce. North Carolina defended its regulation by stating that it was a valid exercise of its state police powers to create uniformity in the apples brought into its markets and to protect its citizens from fraud and deception based on mislabeled apples. The District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina ruled that North Carolina’s regulation was invalid, and Hunt appealed directly to the United States Supreme Court.