Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status
From our private database of 18,800+ case briefs...

INS v. Delgado

United States Supreme Court
466 U.S. 210 (1984)



Acting on lawfully-obtained warrants, the Immigration and Nationalization Service (INS) (defendant) conducted two searches of a garment factory called Southern California Davis Pleating Company (Davis Pleating), in search of illegal aliens. A separate search was conducted at Mr. Pleat, another garment factory. During the searches, INS agents positioned themselves near exits and conducted a thorough sweep of the building, questioning factory employees regarding their citizenship status. While the INS questioned employees at their work stations, other employees continued with their work and were allowed to freely walk around within the factory. Delgado and three other employees as well as their union representative (collectively Plaintiffs) filed suit against the INS in federal district court and claimed that the searches violated their Fourth Amendment rights and requested declaratory relief. The district court dismissed the union from the suit for lack of standing and held for the INS. The court concluded that none of the Plaintiffs had been detained under the Fourth Amendment during the searches and therefore no unconstitutional activity took place. Plaintiffs appealed. The court of appeals reversed and held that the entire workforce had been seized for the duration of each INS search because agents had been stationed near building exits, leading a reasonable worker to believe that he or she was not free to leave. The U.S. Supreme Court granted certiorari to review.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Rehnquist, J.)


What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 498,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 498,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 18,800 briefs, keyed to 985 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Questions & Answers

Have a question about this case?

Sign up for a free 7-day trial and ask it

Sign up for a FREE 7-day trial