From our private database of 14,100+ case briefs...
Johnson v. Transportation Agency
United States Supreme Court
480 U.S. 616 (1987)
The Transportation Agency of Santa Clara County, California (the agency) (defendant), adopted an affirmative-action plan to address historic patterns of discrimination against women and minorities. The plan allowed the agency to consider gender when making promotions to positions within any traditionally segregated job classification in which women had been significantly underrepresented. The agency promoted Diane Joyce to the position of a road dispatcher, which was classified as a road-maintenance worker, in accordance with the plan. Joyce was selected over Paul Johnson (plaintiff), who had a slightly higher score based on his qualifications and interview. The classification of road-maintenance worker had a significant underrepresentation of female workers. Only one out of 110 workers in the classification was female. Johnson sued, alleging that the agency had violated Title VII of the Civil Rights Act (Title VII), 42 U.S.C. § 2000e, by promoting a less qualified employee based on gender. The trial court found in favor of Johnson. The agency appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, which reversed. Johnson petitioned the United States Supreme Court for review.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Brennan, J.)
Concurrence (O’Connor, J.)
Concurrence (Stevens, J.)
Dissent (Scalia, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 220,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,100 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.