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Katzenbach v. McClung, Sr. & McClung, Jr.

United States Supreme Court
379 U.S. 294 (1964)


Facts

In 1964, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act (CRA). Title II of the CRA forbids racial discrimination by places of public accommodation such as hotels and restaurants. The McClungs (defendants) own and operate Ollie’s Barbecue in Birmingham, Alabama and refuse to serve African American customers. Approximately half of the food served by the restaurant has moved in interstate commerce. Katzenbach (plaintiff), acting for the United States government, brought suit to enjoin the McClungs’ discriminatory practices in federal district court. The district court issued an injunction preventing enforcement of the Act against the McClungs. The United States government appealed. This case was decided by the United States Supreme Court along with Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States, 379 U.S. 241 (1964).

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Clark, J.)

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  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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