Logourl black

Lawlis v. Kightlinger & Gray

Indiana Court of Appeals
562 N.E.2d 435 (1990)


Lawlis (plaintiff) had been a senior partner in the law firm Kightlinger & Gray (K&G) (defendant) for a number of years when he developed an alcohol problem in 1982. Lawlis missed a lot of work time in 1983 and 1984 as he sought treatment for his addiction. Lawlis revealed his condition to K&G in mid-1983. In accordance with K&G’s partnership agreement that Lawlis had signed, K&G reduced Lawlis’s work units while he was recovering. Lawlis also signed a Program Outline, which set conditions for Lawlis’s continuing partnership with K&G. The Program Outline stated that there was “no second chance” if Lawlis drank again. Lawlis started drinking again in March 1984, but K&G gave him another chance, allowing him to remain as senior partner as long as he stopped drinking permanently and met other conditions. Lawlis subsequently stopped drinking permanently. Two years after he ceased drinking, Lawlis asked K&G’s Finance Committee to increase his work units. In late October 1986, Wampler, a member of the Finance Committee, told Lawlis that the committee was going to recommend severing Lawlis’s senior partnership with K&G no later than June 30, 1987. K&G’s partnership agreement stated that a senior partner may be involuntarily expelled from K&G if two-thirds of senior partners voted to do so. In December 1986, the senior partners voted to accept the Finance Committee’s recommendation. All the senior partners except Lawlis voted in favor of the recommendation, which resulted in an addendum to the partnership agreement, providing that Lawlis would be given one unit of work and retain his senior partner status until he was terminated in June 1987. Lawlis refused to sign the addendum, and the remaining senior partners voted to expel Lawlis in February 1987. Lawlis sued K&G, alleging that K&G breached the partnership agreement’s implied duty of good faith and fair dealing by expelling him for a “predatory purpose” of increasing the firm’s partner to lawyer ratio. Lawlis based his allegation on a November 1986 memo which stated that K&G should increase its lawyer to partner ratio during the coming years in order to increase partner profits. The district court granted K&G’s motion for summary judgment. 

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.


The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Holding and Reasoning (Conover, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.