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McIntyre v. Ohio Elections Commn.

United States Supreme Court
514 U.S. 334 (1995)


On April 27, 1988, Margaret McIntyre (defendant) distributed leaflets to attendees of a public meeting at the Blendon Middle School in Westerville, Ohio. The leaflets expressed McIntyre’s opposition to a school tax levy proposed by the superintendent of schools. McIntyre acted almost entirely independently, and some of the leaflets identified her as the author, while others did not. While distributing leaflets, she was advised by a school district official that the leaflets did not conform to the Ohio election laws because they were unsigned. This did not deter McIntyre from continuing her activities. The school official then filed a complaint with the Ohio Elections Commission (OEC) charging that McIntyre’s distribution of unsigned leaflets violated the Ohio code prohibiting the distribution of anonymous material in connection with any election. The (OEC) (plaintiff) agreed and fined McIntyre $100. The Franklin County Court of Common Pleas reversed, but the court of appeals reinstated the fine. The Ohio Supreme Court affirmed, and the United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Stevens, J.)

Concurrence (Thomas, J.)

Dissent (Scalia, J.)

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