National Collegiate Athletic Association v. Board of Regents
United States Supreme Court
468 U.S. 85 (1984)
The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) began operations in 1905 as a governing organization for collegiate athletics. The purpose of the NCAA was to provide rules, standards, governance, and compliance to member schools in order to facilitate competition in a number of different sports. In 1981, the NCAA adopted a new television-broadcast plan that limited the ability of individual members to sell broadcast rights to college football games. The plan provided that two specified networks would have the right to negotiate directly with NCAA member schools to broadcast a limited number of live games. The plan also limited the number of times that any specific member school could appear and prohibited the sale of broadcast rights outside the limitations of the plan. The Universities of Oklahoma and Georgia (plaintiffs) brought suit, alleging that the NCAA’s broadcast plan unreasonably restrained trade in violation of § 1 of the Sherman Act. The district court found for the plaintiffs and issued an injunction against the plan. The court of appeals affirmed the decision, and the NCAA appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Stevens, J.)
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