Navarette v. California
United States Supreme Court
134 S.Ct. 1683 (2014)
An anonymous caller dialed 911 from a specified location. She reported that she had just been driven off the road by a reckless driver in a southbound Ford 150 truck. She included the driver’s exact license plate number in her description. Soon after, police officers spotted a southbound truck matching the caller's description. The officers followed the truck for five minutes before stopping it. The officers smelled marijuana. Following a brief search of the truck bed, the officers discovered and seized 30 pounds of marijuana. The officers arrested the truck's driver, Lorenzo Prado Navarette, and his passenger Jose Prado Navarette (defendants). The state of California (plaintiff) prosecuted the Navarettes for transporting marijuana, and they were convicted. The Navarettes appealed their convictions on the grounds that the anonymous caller's tip gave police insufficient Fourth Amendment grounds to search the truck. The California Superior Court and California Supreme Court affirmed the convictions, and the Navarettes petitioned the United States Supreme Court for certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Thomas, J.)
Dissent (Scalia, J.)
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