Portland Audubon Soc'y v. Endangered Species Committee
United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
984 F.2d 1534 (9th Cir. 1993)
The Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Land Management decided to auction off timber rights to 44 tracts of old-growth forest in western Oregon. Because the lands comprised part of the habitat of the endangered spotted owl, the Bureau applied to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior for an exemption. The Endangered Species Committee (defendant) considered the matter. Members of President Bush’s administration summoned members of the committee to the White House to pressure them to vote for the exemption. The Committee voted for the exception on a vote of 5-2 for 13 of the 44 tracts and denied the exception for the remaining 31 tracts. Environmental groups opposed to the timber sales (plaintiffs) brought an action for judicial review of the Committee’s order, alleging that its decision was tainted by ex parte communications.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Reinhardt, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 174,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.