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Shaw v. Reno [Shaw I]

United States Supreme Court
509 U.S. 630 (1993)


Facts

After the 1990 census, North Carolina became entitled to a twelfth seat in the United States House of Representatives. The General Assembly enacted a reapportionment plan that included one majority-African American congressional district. Attorney General to the United States Janet Reno (defendant) disapproved of the plan. The General Assembly then enacted a revised plan that included a second majority-African American district. Shaw (plaintiff) challenged the plan in federal district court on the ground that the plan’s creation of district boundary lines of dramatically irregular shape constitutes unconstitutional racial gerrymandering. The district court held that Shaw had not stated a claim upon which relief could be granted, and Shaw appealed to the United States Supreme Court.   

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (O’Connor, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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Dissent (Blackmun, J.)

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Dissent (Stevens, J.)

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Dissent (Souter, J.)

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Dissent (White, J.)

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