Logourl black

Sibbach v. Wilson & Co.

United States Supreme Court
312 U.S. 1 (1941)


Facts

Hertha Sibbach (plaintiff) was injured in an automobile accident involving Wilson & Co. (Wilson) (defendant). Sibbach sued Wilson for negligence. Wilson moved for an order requiring Sibbach to submit to a physical examination pursuant to Rule 35 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (the Rules), and the court granted the motion. Sibbach refused to comply and was held in contempt under Rule 37. Sibbach appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. The Seventh Circuit affirmed. Sibbach petitioned the United States Supreme Court and argued that Rule 35 and Rule 37 are invalid because they exceed the mandate of Congress to the Supreme Court in the Rules Enabling Act.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Issue

The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Holding and Reasoning (Roberts, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Dissent (Frankfurter, J.)

The dissent section is for members only and includes a summary of the dissenting judge or justice’s opinion. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.