A New York statute required media entities that profited from the depiction of criminal activities in contract with the criminal to relinquish funds owed to the criminal to the New York State Crime Victims Board (defendant). The intent was to distribute the money to the victims of the crimes being depicted. Simon & Schuster, Inc. (plaintiff) published a book by a former Mafioso, Henry Hill, detailing his life of crime. The New York State Crime Victims Board ordered Simon & Schuster to turn over the funds it owed to Henry Hill. Simon & Schuster sued to enjoin the statute’s enforcement. Both the district court and the court of appeals found in favor of the New York State Crime Victims Board. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.