From our private database of 35,600+ case briefs...
Terri Lee Halderman v. Pennhurst State School & Hospital
United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
612 F.2d 84 (1979)
In 1974, Terri Lee Halderman (plaintiff), a minor with intellectual disabilities, filed a class-action suit against Pennhurst State School and Hospital (the hospital) (defendant), a facility providing care and training for 1,200 individuals with intellectual disabilities. Halderman argued that the hospital violated federal and state statutes that protect individuals with intellectual disabilities because residents were forced to live in dangerous and unsanitary conditions; were physically restrained, isolated, and unnecessarily medicated; lacked access to therapy or services; and were not properly supervised. Halderman argued that the conditions at the hospital resulted in violations of equal protection, due process, and constituted cruel and unusual punishment. In 1977, the district court found that individuals with intellectual disabilities had the constitutionally protected right to nondiscriminatory habilitation (education, training, and care), freedom from harm, and access to the least restrictive environment. The court also found that alternatives to the hospital existed, as federally funded community living arrangements were available. When the parties could not agree on relief, the court issued an injunction ordering that the hospital be closed because institutions are too isolated to provide adequate care, alternative community living arrangements be found for each resident, each resident participate in the development of an individualized treatment plan, a special master supervise the implementation of the plans, no further placements be made at the hospital, a program be developed to represent the class and monitor the arrangements, further abuses at the hospital be prevented, and alternative employment for all hospital employees be found. The hospital appealed to the Third Circuit Court of Appeals.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Gibbons, J.)
Dissent (Seitz, C.J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 619,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 619,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 35,600 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.