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United States v. Richardson

United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
233 F.3d 1285 (11th Cir. 2000)


Phyllis Richardson (defendant) was charged with embezzlement, money laundering, and mail fraud. Throughout the trial, after the parties were done questioning witnesses, jurors wrote down questions for the trial judge to ask the witnesses. The trial judge allowed the parties to object to juror questions privately and did not read each of the juror questions submitted. In addition, the trial judge instructed the jury that the questions were for clarification purposes only and that they should not reach conclusions before they heard all of the evidence. About halfway through the trial Richardson objected to any further juror questions because she thought they were becoming adversarial. The trial court overruled her objection. The jury convicted Richardson. She appealed.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Barkett, J.)

Concurrence (Wilson, J.)

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