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William J. Clinton, President of the United States v. City of New York
United States Supreme Court
524 U.S. 417 (1998)
In 1996, Congress passed the Line Item Veto Act (LIVA) to permit the President to strike down single items of Congressional spending in otherwise constitutional appropriations bills. In 1997, President Clinton (defendant) struck down two provisions in congressional acts relating to New York’s Medicaid funding and a capital gains tax elimination provision for cooperative farmers. New York and a group of Idaho farmers (plaintiffs) filed two separate actions in district court alleging that the LIVA was an unconstitutional delegation of legislative power to the President by Congress. The district court held that LIVA was unconstitutional and President Clinton appealed directly to the United States Supreme Court.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Stevens, J.)
Concurrence (Kennedy, J.)
Concurrence/Dissent (Scalia, J.)
Dissent (Breyer, J.)
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