Separation of Powers and Federalism
Explore how power is allocated between the different branches of the federal government under the doctrine of separation of powers, and divided between the federal government and the states under the principles of federalism.
Our Constitution is based on the idea that all power springs from the people, and “we the people” have given authority to govern to two different sovereigns: the federal government and the states. Separation of powers and federalism both have to do with how power is allocated between actors.
I. Separation of Powers
Separation of powers is the horizontal distribution of power between the different branches of the federal government. Federalism is the vertical allocation of power between the...