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In 1917, the United States Senate confirmed the president’s appointment of Myers (plaintiff) to a four-year term as a first-class postmaster in Portland, Oregon. In 1920, Myers refused to tender his resignation as demanded. The postmaster general, acting on behalf of the president, removed Myers from office without Senate consent. The president appointed a replacement for Myers later that year. However, an 1876 congressional act required Senate consent for the removal of postmasters. Myers filed suit against the federal government (government) (defendant) in the United States Court of Claims, seeking payment of his salary from the date of his removal through the end of his term. The court of claims found in favor of the government, and Myers appealed directly to the United States Supreme Court.

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