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Fed. R. Civ. P. 23(a)


A rule of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure establishing that a lawsuit may not proceed as a class action unless: (1) the class members are too numerous to make joinder practicable, (2) issues of fact or law are common to the class, (3) the claims or defenses of the named representatives are typical to the class, and (4) the representatives can fairly and adequately protect the interests of all class members.

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