Wiley George (plaintiff), an engineer for the Tennessee Coal, Iron & Railroad Company (Railroad) (defendant), was seriously injured while repairing a locomotive in Alabama. The injury was caused by a defective throttle. George commenced an action against the Railroad in a Georgia state court. His claim was brought under § 3910 of the Alabama Code, which made a master liable to an employee for injury caused by defective machinery in the workplace. The Railroad challenged George’s lawsuit on the grounds that § 6115 of the Alabama Code required that § 3910 claims be brought in an Alabama court. The Railroad argued that the Full Faith and Credit Clause obligated the Georgia court to recognize the Alabama venue provision. The trial court disagreed. Judgment was rendered in George’s favor and affirmed by an appellate court. The Railroad sought review in the United States Supreme Court.