European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR)
A regional human rights tribunal that interprets and applies the European Convention on Human Rights i.e., the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The court assesses violations of the convention and monitors compliance with its judgments. The court has the authority to issue interim measures if urgent injunctive relief is needed. Because the European Commission on Human Rights has been eliminated, the court receives complaints alleging violations of the convention directly. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe monitor compliance with the court’s judgments.