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American Lung Ass’n v. Reilly

United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
962 F.2d 258 (2d Cir. 1992)


Facts

The American Lung Association (plaintiff) and other plaintiffs filed suit against the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The plaintiffs asserted that, under the Clean Air Act (the Act), the EPA was required to review and revise the air quality standards for ozone, and it had not done so. The suit attempted to compel the EPA to fulfill its obligations under the Act. The United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York denied the motion of 67 electric utilities and three electric utilities industry associations (utilities) to intervene as a matter of right as defendants in the civil suit. The utilities’ proposed defenses included that the plaintiffs had not stated a claim upon which relief could be granted and that the court did not have subject matter jurisdiction over the claim. The utilities appealed the district court’s ruling denying their motion to intervene.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Issue

The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Holding and Reasoning (Pratt, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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