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Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

International Court of Justice
2007 I.C.J. 43 (2007)


Facts

The Bosnian Serb Army massacred thousands of people at Srebrenica during the Bosnian War. A secessionist group from the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) called the Republika Srpske directed that militia, also known as the Vojska Republika Srpske or VRS. The president of the Republika Srpske appointed its military officers, and they remained subject to its political leadership. But the FRY provided Republika Srpske with substantial financial support, including paying some officer salaries and other benefits. After the war, FRY became Serbia and Montenegro (defendants). Bosnia and Herzegovina (plaintiffs) brought a lawsuit seeking to hold them responsible for crimes against humanity in the International Court of Justice (ICJ) under the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment on the Crime of Genocide. Specifically, Bosnia claimed that FRY acted by and through the Bosnian Serb Army and held responsibility for committing the Srebrenica massacres.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning

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