United States Supreme Court
555 U.S. 323 (2009)
Police officers stopped a car because its registration had been suspended. One of the officers asked Johnson (defendant), one of the passengers, to get out of the car. The officer feared that Johnson might have a gun, so she patted him down, and the frisk revealed a gun. The state court held that because the officer had no suspicion that Johnson was involved in criminal activity, the frisk was not constitutional. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning
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