Arizona v. San Carlos Apache Tribe
United States Supreme Court
463 U.S. 545 (1983)
In 1976, the United States Supreme Court ruled in Colorado River Conservation District v. United States, 424 U.S. 800 (1976), that the McCarran Amendment, 43 U.S.C. § 666, provided states with jurisdiction to adjudicate water rights asserted by the United States on behalf of Indians. Colorado River also held that federal lawsuits brought by the United States should be dismissed in favor of states comprehensively adjudicating water rights in their state courts. At the time of the Colorado River decision, Indian tribes in Montana and Arizona had claims pending in federal court to adjudicate their water rights. At the same time, Arizona and Montana simultaneously sought comprehensive adjudications of all water rights in their state courts. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari to resolve the question of whether federal or state courts had jurisdiction to adjudicate Indian water-rights claims raised by Indians, rather than by the United States, in light of the McCarran Amendment.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Brennan, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 711,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 711,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 44,600 briefs, keyed to 983 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.