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Arlington County v. White
Virginia Supreme Court
259 Va. 708, 528 S.E.2d 706 (2000)
Andrew White, Diana White, and Wendell Brown (taxpayers) (plaintiffs) were residents and taxpayers in Arlington County, Virginia (county) (defendant). The state legislature authorized local governments to provide self-funded health-benefits programs for their employees and dependents, but the legislature did not define dependents. The county defined an adult dependent as a domestic partner who resided with an employee for one year, shared the employee’s common necessities of life and basic living, was involved with the employee in a mutually exclusive relationship of support and commitment, was not blood related to the employee, was not married to anyone, was mentally competent, and was 18 years or older. Under a stipulation, the adult dependent and employee could be in a same-sex or opposite-sex relationship.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Koontz, J.)
Concurrence/Dissent (Hassell, J.)
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