Google, Inc. (defendant) launched the Google Book Project. The project involved bilateral agreements between Google and research libraries. The libraries would select books from their collections to submit to Google for inclusion in the project. Google made a digital scan of each book and indexed them online. Users could go to the Google Books website and search for terms within the books. Users could also pull up a limited viewing of small portions of the books’ text. The libraries were allowed to download full copies of the digital images of the books they submitted to Google. Authors Guild (plaintiff) is an association of authors of copyrighted books that sued Google for copyright infringement for the Google Book Project work.