Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status
From our private database of 18,300+ case briefs...

Brentwood Academy v. Tennessee Secondary School Athletic Assn.

United States Supreme Court
531 U.S. 288 (2001)

Brentwood Academy v. Tennessee Secondary School Athletic Assn.


Tennessee Secondary School Athletic Association (Association) (plaintiff) was a non-profit private membership corporation organized to regulate interscholastic sports among public and private high schools in Tennessee that were members of the Association. Although schools were not forced to join, almost all of the state’s public schools, and many of its private schools were members as there was no other interscholastic sports regulatory authority in the state. The Tennessee State Board of Education even recognized the Association as the primary regulatory agency in the state for high school sports, and their voting membership was almost exclusively composed of public high school administrators. In 1997, the Association brought a regulatory enforcement proceeding against Brentwood Academy (defendant), a private member school. Brentwood was charged with improperly recruiting new students for its sports teams, and was given a large fine and suspension by the Association. Brentwood Academy then sued the Association after sustaining these penalties in federal court under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, alleging that enforcement of the recruitment rule against it was a state action and a violation of the First and Fourteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution. The district court entered summary judgment for Brentwood Academy, but the court of appeals reversed. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Souter, J.)

Dissent (Thomas, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 486,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 486,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 18,300 briefs, keyed to 985 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Questions & Answers

Have a question about this case?

Sign up for a free 7-day trial and ask it

Sign up for a FREE 7-day trial