In a trial by the State of Louisiana (plaintiff) against Cardinale (defendant) for murder, Cardinale’s voluntary confession was introduced in its entirety, which was required by a Louisiana statute. La. Rev. Stat. § 15:450. Cardinale was convicted and sentenced to death. During his trial and subsequent proceedings in the Louisiana courts, Cardinale never challenged the admission of his confession in its entirety. Eventually, Cardinale petitioned the United States Supreme Court for certiorari, contending that the Louisiana statute was unconstitutional and that certain portions of his confession should have been redacted on the grounds of irrelevance and prejudice. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.