Jonathan Aranow conducted gastric bypass surgery on Lisa Cefaratti (plaintiff) at Middlesex Hospital (defendant). Cefaratti chose Aranow after researching potential surgeons and determining that Aranow was the best in the state. Also, Aranow had successfully performed the surgery on Cefaratti’s partner’s mother. Aranow left a surgical sponge in Cefaratti’s stomach during the surgery. Cefaratti sued Middlesex on the ground that it was vicariously liable for Aranow’s tort. The trial court granted Middlesex summary judgment on the ground that the State of Connecticut did not recognize the doctrine of apparent authority in tort actions. The court of appeals affirmed. The Connecticut Supreme Court granted Cefaratti’s petition for certification to appeal.