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Cherokee Nation v. Georgia

United States Supreme Court
30 U.S. 1 (1831)


Facts

The State of Georgia (defendant) attempted to implement laws meant to take land from the Cherokee Nation, despite federal treaties that gave the Cherokees rights to the land. In order to stop this from happening, the Cherokee Nation (plaintiff) filed a motion for injunction directly with the United States Supreme Court. The Cherokees argued that the Supreme Court had original jurisdiction to hear their motion under Article III of the Constitution because the Cherokee Nation was a foreign nation. The Supreme Court heard the case to consider whether it had jurisdiction.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Marshall, C.J.)

Concurrence (Baldwin, J.)

Concurrence (Johnson, J.)

Dissent (Thompson, J.)

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