Krome Detention Center (Krome) was a minimum-security detention facility operated by the Bureau of Prisons (BOP) in Dade County, Florida. Department of Justice (DOJ) officials (defendants) testified before Congress that Krome was a short-term facility. However, Krome was used for long-term detention of aliens and felon aliens. Following a riot, United States Senator Lawton Chiles (plaintiff) sued the defendants, seeking declaratory and injunctive relief, as well as a writ of mandamus compelling the government to operate Krome properly. Dade County and the Governor of Florida were permitted to intervene. Two Krome detainees, two homeowners, and a homeowners’ association sought to intervene. The district court dismissed the suit, concluding that: (1) Chiles, Dade County, and the governor lacked standing, (2) the detainees seeking to intervene could seek habeas review, and (3) the homeowners had not alleged an injury. The plaintiffs and proposed intervenors appealed.