Logourl black
From our private database of 14,200+ case briefs...

Chocolate Manufacturers Association v. Block

United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
755 F.2d 1098 (1985)


Facts

The Food and Nutrition Service of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) (defendant) published for comment a rule proposing a maximum sugar content for cereals authorized for use in the federally funded Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Under WIC, the USDA designs food packages to reflect the different nutritional needs of women, infants, and children. The agency provides grants to state or local agencies to distribute cash or vouchers to WIC participants in accordance with USDA regulations regarding type and quantity of food. In addition to the proposed rule, the USDA published a preamble, in which it discussed the general purpose of the rule and the problems associated with high sugar foods. Neither the proposed rule nor its preamble discussed sugar in relation to flavoring milk, though the rule did include flavored milk in the list of approved food packages for women and children without special dietary needs. In response to public comments, the USDA’s final rule deleted flavored milk from the list of approved food packages for women and children. The Chocolate Manufacturers Association (CMA) (plaintiff) sought relief from the rule in federal district court, arguing (1) that the USDA did not provide notice that the disallowance of flavored milk would be considered; and (2) that the USDA gave no reasoned justification for changing its position about the nutritional value of chocolate in the food distributed under its authority. The district court denied CMA’s request for relief, and CMA appealed.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Sprouse, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 240,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,200 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.