The defendant was arrested for murder. He asked permission to contact his lawyer during interrogation, but the police denied this request. During the interrogation, the defendant’s lawyer arrived at the police station and asked to see the defendant. The police denied this request as well. During the interrogation, the defendant confessed to the murder. He was convicted. He appealed on the grounds that his due process rights were violated when the police refused both his and his lawyer’s requests to confer with each other. As a result, he contended, the trial court should not have admitted the confession into evidence. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.