Darrell Kruse (defendant) and Claremont All Natural Nutrition Aids Buyers Information Service (CANNABIS) (defendant) operated a medical marijuana dispensary in Claremont. Kruse applied for a business license from the City of Claremont (plaintiff), but the city denied the application. Kruse appealed the decision, and the city dismissed the appeal. However, Kruse operated the dispensary without a business license, in violation of the city’s municipal code. The city warned Kruse to stop operating without a business license, but Kruse continued. The city then filed a lawsuit against Kruse and CANNABIS, alleging nuisance and seeking a permanent injunction to prohibit the operation of the dispensary without a license. The trial court found in favor of the city and entered the permanent injunction. Kruse appealed.