Jean Dedmon (plaintiff) suffered serious injuries in a car accident with John Cook and sued. Cook died, and the court substituted his estate administrators, including Debbie Steelman (defendants). Dedmon sought damages including past and future medical expenses and submitted bills totaling $52,483 from 16 providers. Steelman sought to exclude the full, undiscounted medical bills, arguing the providers accepted discounted amounts from Dedmon’s insurer. The court excluded the bills, and Dedmon appealed. The appellate court partially reversed, finding the bills admissible to prove Dedmon’s medical expenses were reasonable, and indicated the discounted amounts would be admissible in rebuttal absent any mention of Dedmon’s insurance. The Tennessee Supreme Court accepted review.