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Edmond v. United States
United States Supreme Court
520 U.S. 651 (1997)
The Coast Guard Court of Criminal Appeals is an intermediate military court. Coast Guard Court of Criminal Appeals judges were appointed by the Secretary of Transportation and supervised by the General Counsel of the Department of Transportation in his role as Judge Advocate General (JAG). Decisions of the Coast Guard Court of Criminal Appeals are subject to review by the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces. The plaintiffs were convicted of crimes by court martial and their convictions were affirmed by the Coast Guard Court of Criminal Appeals. The plaintiffs appealed on the grounds that the appointments of the Coast Guard Court of Criminal Appeals judges that heard their cases were invalid because the appointments violated the Appointments Clause of the U.S. Constitution. Specifically, the plaintiffs claimed that the judges were principal officers under the Appointments Clause and therefore must be appointed by the president with the advice and consent of the Senate. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Scalia, J.)
Concurrence (Souter, J.)
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