Max Farash (plaintiff) owned an office building and agreed to lease space to Sykes Datatronics, Inc. (Sykes) (defendant). At the request of Sykes, Farash renovated the space on an expedited basis. However, Farash and Sykes never signed a lease agreement, and Sykes did not move into the space. Farash sued Sykes to enforce the oral lease agreement and to recover the value of the work performed at Sykes’s request. Sykes moved to dismiss the lawsuit based on failure to state a claim. The trial court denied the motion, and Sykes appealed to the New York Appellate Division, which reversed. Farash appealed to the New York Court of Appeals.