Galloway (plaintiff) served in the military intermittently between 1917 and 1922. He claimed to experience severe psychological problems as a result of the period of time he served in France, from 1917 through 1919. Many years later, he applied for total disability benefits from the Veterans Administration, but he was not granted total disability. Galloway, through his wife, filed suit, and at the close of evidence in the trial, the district court granted the United States’ (defendant) motion for a directed verdict. The court of appeals affirmed, and the United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.